ALL ABOUT: MATERIALS SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS)
It was observed that many fellow students and sellers were facing problems when it came to HAZMAT or even regular products for which Amazon would require submission of Safety Data Sheet (SDS) while creating or converting the listings from FBM (Merchant Fulfilled) to FBA (Amazon Fulfilled).
Being a Chemical Engineer I have studied different courses of HEALTH, SAFETY and ENVIRONMENT so have reasonable knowledge for preparation of SDS.Therefore, I am posting here about all 16 mandatory sections of SDS that must be filled with relevant particulars before it is submitted to Amazon.
Product Identifier (UPC, EAN, GTIN etc)
Manufacturer or Distributor Name
Address of Supplier
Phone/Contact Number of Supplier
All hazards regarding the product and required label elements
Composition / Information on Ingredients:
Information on chemical Ingredients and trade secret claims i.e CAS Number.
First Aid Measures:
Whether first aid treatment might be required upon exposure to a chemical and the symptoms that indicates exposure.
Fire Fighting Measures:
The techniques and equipment recommended for extinguishing a fire involving the chemical and hazards that may be created during combustion.
Accidental Release measures:
Steps to take in the event of a spill or release involving the chemical. Includes
The proper method for containment and cleanup
Handling and Storage
Precautions for safe handling and storage, including incompatibilities.
Exposure Control / Personal Protection:
OSHA’s permissible exposure limit (PELs)
Threshold limit values (TLVs)
Appropriate engineering controls (AECs)
Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs)
Physical and Chemical Properties:
The mention of chemical & physical characteristics i.e Color, Odor, Matter, melting or boiling points of the substance etc.
Stability and Reactivity:
Chemical Stability and possible hazardous reactions.
Routes of exposure (Inhalation, Ingestion, or absorption contact)
Acute and Chronic effects
Numerical measures of toxicity
How the chemical might affect the environment and the duration of the effect.
Have to describe the safe handling of wastes and methods of disposal, including the disposal of any contaminated packaging.
Labeling requirement for hazardous chemical shipments.
Indicates regulations that apply to chemicals.
Includes the date of the revision or last revision and other information.
Mostly manufacturers provide these sheets but if not then you have to hire a professional to make one for you. You can contact me for further details. I am attaching a sheet of a chemical which I prepared for you guys to understand things more clearly.
To avoid classification delays, make sure that your SDS complies with the requirements listed above. Use the Lookup an ASIN tool in your seller central to check the status of your product.
AMAZON’S GUIDELINES FOR HAZMAT PRODUCTS
Now that we have covered what a SDS should ideally contain in most circumstances, let us take a quick look at what are the general guidelines of Amazon itself regarding HAZMAT products and SDS(s);
Dangerous goods (hazmat):
Dangerous goods (also called hazmat) are substances or materials that may pose a risk during storing, handling, or transporting because they contain flammable, pressurized, corrosive, or otherwise harmful substances. To prevent potential health and safety risks, Amazon gathers dangerous goods information related to any products sold on Amazon. Amazon requires information related to dangerous goods while creating new listings or converting existing listings from FBM to FBA
New listings: When creating a listing for FBA, you must include dangerous goods information for both batteries and products regulated as dangerous goods. (Start by clicking Add dangerous goods information in the workflow.) Make sure to provide accurate and complete information so that your product is properly classified and not blocked for sale.
Existing listings: The Dangerous Goods team reviews each ASIN converted to FBA if the product is identified as a possible dangerous good.
Products with complete and correct dangerous goods information will be reviewed and classified within four business days. (Business days are Monday through Friday, excluding public holidays.) Products with incomplete, inaccurate, or conflicting information may be blocked for sale through FBA.
To ensure that your product is classified correctly, one or both of the following documents might also be required:
A safety data sheet: If you haven’t uploaded an SDS, the one that you uploaded is not valid, or the information in it is contradictory, obtain a complete and correct SDS from the manufacturer and upload it. If your product does not contain any harmful chemicals (for example, alcohol, acid, and sodium) and you can’t obtain an SDS, upload an exemption sheet.
Exemption sheet: If you haven’t provided complete and accurate information, upload an exemption sheet for either batteries and battery-powered products or for products without harmful chemicals.
Amazon regularly reviews products in our fulfillment centers that may be regulated as dangerous goods to ensure that shipments comply with regulations and safety standards. If your product is found to be missing complete dangerous goods information, we’ll ask you to submit either an SDS or exemption sheet.
Important: If your product is identified as a possible dangerous good while inventory is already in an Amazon fulfillment center, we will notify you by email. You will have 14 business days to provide the requested documentation. If the documentation is not provided during this period, the inventory will be disposed of, at your expense.
Products that may be regulated as dangerous goods
These product categories don’t contain every potential dangerous good. However, they offer useful examples of dangerous goods that could be among your listings.
Hats and vests with rechargeable batteries
Apparel stain remover
Engine and tire care
Interior and paint care
Oils and fluids
Spillable and non-spillable batteries
Baby grooming and skincare
Beauty and personal care
Self-tanning lotions and sprays
Antiseptics and disinfectants
Verruca and wart treatments
Cleaning cartridges (electric shavers)
Hair removal solutions and treatments
Shaving creams or foams
Magazines with beauty product samples
E-book devices, e-readers
Chargers and batteries
Food and beverages
Aromatic essential oils
Products with high alcohol content
Foods in pressurized container/aerosol format (for example, whipped cream)
Health and household
Cleansers and cleaners
Dishwashing liquids and powders
Laundry liquids and powders
Pest and insect control
Cartridges and toners
Tape, adhesives, and glue
Markers, highlighters, pens, and refills
Ear and eye care
Flea, fly, mosquito, lice, and tick control
Aquarium glass cleaners
Aquarium water treatments and test kits
Shoes and bags
Sole and shoe stain remover
Sports and outdoor
E-bikes and e-scooters
Bike tools and equipment
Spillable and non-spillable batteries
Life Saving vests
Arts and crafts
Painting and repair kits
Kits with sprays
Wireless and Bluetooth headsets
FAQ: What good does a SDS do?
An SDS enables Amazon to;
Determine whether your products are regulated as dangerous goods
Correctly classify your products as either dangerous goods or non-dangerous goods (the classification determines how products are stored and transported)
Determine the correct handling and disposal measures if a product spills or leaks at a fulfillment center
Confirm your products as non-regulated goods
To be compliant, an SDS must;
Be created or updated within the past five years
Include new GHS/CLP hazard identification information
Match your product listing
Listing title (the product name, as it appears on the detail page) is the same as the product name shown on the SDS
Manufacturer or brand name of your product on the SDS is the same as what appears on the detail page
Include all 16 standard SDS sections
Hazmat review will result in one of several options:
The ASIN was reviewed and identified as Not Hazmat.
The ASIN was reviewed and identified as Hazmat.
The ASIN was reviewed but couldn’t be classified since additional information is required to classify the product.
The ASIN was reviewed but couldn’t be classified since the uploaded documentation is incomplete.
The ASIN was reviewed but couldn’t be classified since the uploaded documentation does not match the product.
If your ASIN receives #3-#5 as feedback, double-check your SDS form to ensure all the information meets the criteria. One common mistake is that the title does not match the ASIN exactly.
SDS Form Common Mistakes
The product name or brand on the SDS does not exactly match the product name or brand on the detail page.
Information in the hazard identification section and the transportation section conflicts. For example, the hazard identification section states the product is flammable but the transportation section does not.
The SDS does not contain all 16 mandatory sections.
The product’s flash point is below 140 degrees Fahrenheit but the product is declared as not regulated, instead of flammable, in the transportation section.
The SDS is either not dated or is over 5 years old.
The seller uploaded an invalid document instead of an SDS, such as a test report or certification sheet.
Uploading safety data sheets;
To upload an SDS, go to the upload dangerous goods documents tool. The Dangerous Goods team will review your SDS within four business days.
For products that don’t require an SDS, an exemption sheet is acceptable for these two categories only:
Battery and battery-powered products
Products without harmful chemicals